Nowadays smartphone and tablet mobile devices are a part of our lives, and application developers are looking to make their way into mobile application software markets, a place that will ensure long-term stability.
For the uninitiated, developing a mobile application is probably a real chore. Not only is it a matter of time, usually a few weeks, (unless it is a very complex application for iPhone or smart phones with Android operating system, which will take longer!), but also a significant financial investment. Android app development also requires a minimal inclination towards writing code lines. When the application development initiative belongs to a company whose domain of activity is unrelated to this technology, things may get complicated.
The boom of the mobile application industry around the world has led to the emergence of platforms that provide a practical shortcut to the complicated process of application development, providing tools that remove the code lines and allow those with lower technical skills to try their luck in this field.
Most of these platforms are focused on end-user app creation, mostly related to entertainment, but industry is emerging when it comes to business applications too, with platforms such as Bizness Apps, AppMakr, Appscend, Red Foundry, or Touch Studios.
The main skills you need to have as a mobile app developer include:
- Mastering the principles of OOP programming
- Having a thorough knowledge of one of the following languages: Android: Java, C / C ++ | iOS: Objective C, Swift, C / C ++
- Knowing the architecture of Android / iOS mobile platforms
- Possessing great analytical skills, as well as a problem-oriented attitude
- Knowing design templates
- Having the ability to work with third party libraries (Maps, Firebase, Facebook SDK, Twitter, etc.) and REST APIs (JSON and / or XML)
- Knowing how to work with databases (SQLite: CRUD operations)
- Being able to use the classes and APIs provided by default (Camera, Calendar, Contacts, Bluetooth, Location, Media, Notification, etc.)
- Experiencing the basic components of each platform – Android: Intent, Activity, Fragment, Service, Broadcast Receiver, Content Provider, etc. | iOS: IBOutlets, IBActions, Pointer, ARC, etc.
- Mastering the graphical interface – Android: XML Layouts, Constraint Layout | iOS: Interface Builder, AutoLayout
If you are the lucky possessor of the abilities listed above and are eager to build a career as a mobile app developer, you must know the responsibilities specific to this job and be willing to respect them, by displaying a professional attitude.
- Starting from a specification and wireframes, you need to design and function an application or component in the application (depending on how big the project is)
- Publish the app on the market
- Work with source control and versioning (Git, SVN etc.)
- Test (both functionally and structurally) your written code (unit testing, automated testing…)
- Make constant improvements to the written code and maintain it (fix bugs, extra implementations for system version updates…)
- Document the code
- Develop documentation on application functionality
- Have a good relationship with the designer, API developer, product manager and obviously with team members
- Comply with coding standards
- Respect the deadlines